A new study shows that people’s diets around the world today are slightly healthier than they were 30 years ago.
The research, which assessed the eating habits of adults and children in 185 countries over a period of almost three decades (from 1990 to 2018), scored from 0 (a lot of processed meats, sugar, salt, etc.) to 100 (a lot fruits, vegetables, whole grains, etc.). how closely people adhere to the recommended healthy diet.
The average of 185 countries is 40.3, a marginal improvement of just 1.5 points over those 30 years. This fact, according to the scientists, shows how great the challenge is to encourage and implement healthy eating on an international scale.
Healthy eating is steadily gaining ground in countries as diverse as the USA, China, Iran and Vietnam, but much less so in others such as Japan, Nigeria and Tanzania. Only ten countries, representing less than 1% of the world’s population, scored above 50 points. Vietnam, Iran, Indonesia and India have the highest “score”, while Brazil, Mexico, the USA (which are showing slow improvement) and Egypt have the lowest.
Regionally, the score ranges from 30.3 in Latin America and the Caribbean (they have the worst diet on average) to 45.7 in South Asia. Globally, women are more likely to eat healthier than men and younger adults than older adults. also the higher the educational level of people and their parents, the more likely they are to follow a healthier diet.
The researchers, led by Dr. Victoria Miller of the Canadian McMaster and Professor Gene Mayer of the School of Nutrition Science of the American Tufts University, who made the relevant publication in the journal “Nature Food”, pointed out that poor nutrition is the main cause of various diseases and is responsible for one in four (26%) preventable deaths.
Source: RES – BEE