*Writes o Stavros XintarasEuropean Champion in Athletic Japanese Fencing, specialist in medical psychology and sports science
THE psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary field of medicine that deals with the interaction of biological, psychological, social and behavioral factors in the genesis of a disorder. The areas of intervention in psychosomatic medicine include the modification of health behaviors, the overall psychosomatic approach, psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy, as well as other alternative treatments, such as physical exercise, etc.
The perception of the benefits of physical exercise is widespread throughout the world. note that exercise not only maintains and improves a healthy body, but also heals an ailing body, as well as a soul that sympathizes with the body. In addition, there is extensive literature showing that physical activity is an effective preventive strategy against cardiovascular disease, obesity, osteoporosis, cerebrovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, breast and colon cancer, and various psychiatric disorders, rehabilitation musculoskeletal diseases, etc.
Sports activities of patients (joining groups) to deal with social isolation, etc. Many people with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases may have mental health conditions (anxiety, stress, depression), which are not diagnosed, because they do not discuss these symptoms with their doctors.
A new study examined data on self-reported mental health symptoms in 1,800 patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs). Overall, the symptoms patients reported indicated that 55% of them had depression and 57% had anxiety, according to study findings published in the journal Rheumatology.
Three out of four of them also said their doctors rarely, if ever, asked them about their mental health. Chronic inflammation is a common feature of many autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Therefore, blocking or reducing inflammation is one of the main treatment strategies in these diseases. In this context, exercise has emerged as a potential therapeutic tool to address systemic inflammation, thus leading to better clinical outcomes. The aims of this review are for the scientific community to discuss the possible anti-inflammatory role of exercise in autoimmune rheumatic diseases, highlighting gaps in the literature and clinical and scientific perspectives in the field.
Exercise, therefore, is not only addressed to the healthy, but also to the sick, with the aim of preventing diseases and improving various morbid conditions. Our studies prove the biochemical mechanisms and substances (Cortisol, Adrenaline, Dopamine, Endorphins, Serotonin, Oxytocin, Anandamide, Vaginal Natriuretic Peptide, Tryptophan, G-aminobutyric acid, Glutamate, BDNF protein, HPA Axis, etc.) of the body during the hour of sport and the benefits of sport in general for children and adults in dealing with anxiety, stress and depression.