What happened like today in Greece and the world.
304: The Serene Republic of San Marino, known today as the state of San Marino, is founded by Marino of Rab.
863: The Byzantines score an important victory against the Arabs in the battle of Lalakaon.
1189: Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.
1783: Great Britain recognizes the USA as an independent state. The treaty ending the war of independence is signed in Paris.
1826: The first Greek warship arrives at the port of Nafplio. “Karteria” was captained by the English Philhellene, Frank Hastings, who had given money for its construction.
1843: King Otto, under the suffocating pressure of the people who have gathered in front of the palaces, is forced to grant a Constitution, the first of the Greek state.
1878: Two riverboats collide on the Thames, killing at least 640 people.
1892: Newton Heath – later Manchester United – play their first game against Blackburn Rovers at Edwood Park and lose 3-4.
1895: A revolution breaks out in Crete.
1912: The world’s first canning factory opens in England. It serves the needs of the Royal Navy.
1919: Italy gives women the right to vote.
1922: The last Greek troops leave Asia Minor.
1925: The first international handball match is played, Austria – Germany 6-3, in Heil.
1929: Security authorities arrest the entire staff of “Radicalist”, on the charge of high treason.
1937: Orson Welles directs and stars in ‘Les Miserables’, the first radio play from the Mercury Theater group.
1938: The 1940 Olympics move from Tokyo to Helsinki. They will eventually be postponed, after World War II breaks out.
1938: The Fourth International is founded, under the leadership of Leon Trotsky.
1939: Great Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany. The conflict is taking on global proportions.
1943: The invasion of the allied forces in the Italian Peninsula begins, with the first bridgeheads in Calabria being successful.
1947: Egypt is faced with the first cases of a cholera epidemic, where by the end of October it has degenerated, sending 7,000 people to their deaths.
1951: 37 Greek soldiers return to Greece from Korea, wounded.
1958: The famous Law 4000 to deal with young people who deviate from the desired behavior comes into force. The “tendiboys” are paraded and given haircuts “in color” to set an example.
1958: The European Court of Human Rights is established.
1960: The first TV station of PPC broadcasts from the site of the International Exhibition of Thessaloniki and the same evening Konstantinos Karamanlis inaugurates the 25th TEC.
1971: Qatar gains independence from Britain.
1972: The American, Bobby Fischer, defeats his Russian opponent, Boris Spassky, and is declared the world chess champion.
1974: PASOK is founded, with Andreas Papandreou as leader. The official presentation of the new party takes place on September 3, 1974 at the “King’s Palace” hotel in Athens, in the presence of 150 people, who are its founding core. Andreas Papandreou appears late in the event hall, wearing a white shirt and a wide leather belt. He reads the entire “statement of principles” and then hands it out to the journalists present, printed in a small green booklet.
1975: 188 people are killed in a Moroccan plane crash in the Atlas Mountains.
1978: Mimis Domazos wears the jersey of AEK.
1982: The president of France, François Mitterrand, is making an official visit to Athens.
1987: The government in Burundi by Pierre Buyoya is overthrown by a military coup.
1995: American online auction company e-bay is founded.
2000: Greece takes first place in the “AKROPOLIS” basketball tournament, defeating Russia in the final with 69-65. Dimitris Papanikolaou is named the tournament’s most valuable player.
2002: A pan-Hellenic boycott with the slogan “not a single euro in the market” is taking place in protest of the accuracy presented by many products.
2002: Kifissos overflows, as heavy rains hit Attica. The rushing waters carry away the makeshift dams made of sacks, which had been placed on its banks.
2003: The Western Regional Avenue of Ymittos is open to traffic. Drivers can now travel the Kesariani – Glyka Nera route in less than 7 minutes.
2004: The hostage situation of hundreds of children and their parents, in a school in Beslan in South Ossetia, ends in a tragic way. After Russian forces intervene, the attackers detonate explosives and execute at least 300 people. In total, the dead amount to 344, among them 172 children.
2006: The Greek national team in men’s basketball wins the silver medal at the World Championship in Japan, losing in the final to Spain with 70-47. It was preceded by the historic victory over the USA, in the semi-final.
2012: Panhellenium is shocked by the crime of passion with the victim of a priest, father of three children, on a plateau next to the national highway Pyrgos – Kyparissias, in Ilia. The perpetrator is a man who had an affair with the priest’s wife and who is sentenced by the Mixed Jury Criminal Court of Aigio to life imprisonment. The same sentence is reserved for the woman, who will be found guilty of moral complicity in homicide.
2020: The skeletons of 200 mammoths, 25 camels and five horses are discovered at a construction site at Mexico City’s Santa Lucía Airport. It surpasses the Mammoth Site, Hot Springs, South Dakota as the largest find of mammoth bones, which had 61 skeletons.
2021: The European Union and AstraZeneca reach a settlement to end litigation over the slow delivery of Oxford-AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine, with an agreement requiring AstraZeneca to deliver the remaining 200 million doses of its vaccine to EU countries at the end of March 2022.
2021: Yoshihide Suga, Prime Minister of Japan, announces that he will not seek re-election after one year in office. Suga had replaced former Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who resigned for health reasons in September 2020.
1392 – Filippo Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan
1530 – Ivan IV, Czar of Russia
1568 – Adriano Bankieri, Italian composer
1695 – Pietro Locatelli, Italian composer
1734 – Joseph Wright, English painter
1851 – Olga, Queen of Greece
1856 – Louis Sullivan, American architect
1859 – Jean Zores, French politician
1875 – Ferdinand Porsche, Austrian engineer and businessman
1895 – Giuseppe Bottai, Italian politician
1905 – Carl David Anderson, American physicist
1910 – Maurice Papon, French politician
1922 – Alexander Kazdan, Russian Byzantine scholar
1926 – Irini Pappa, Greek actress
1936 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisian politician
1940 – Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer
1947 – Mario Draghi, Italian banker and economist
1948 – Fotis Kouvelis, Greek lawyer and politician
1948 – Levi Mwanawasa, Zambian politician
1949 – Peter VII, Patriarch of Alexandria
1952 – Sehrazat Soilemezoglu, Turkish singer
1965 – Charlie Sheen, American actor
1971 – Kiran Desai, Indian writer
1976 – Nikos Deligiannis, Greek pole vaulter
1977 – Olof Melberg, Swedish football player
1979 – Julio Cesar Soares, Brazilian goalkeeper
1988 – Jerome Boateng, German soccer player
863 – Amr al-Aqta, Arab emir
1057 – Reginald I, Count of Burgundy
1120 – Brother Gerard, Italian monk
1402 – Gian Galeaccio Visconti, Duke of Milan
1420 – Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany
1658 – Oliver Cromwell, English soldier and politician
1730 – Nikolaos Mavrokordatos, ruler of Moldowallachia
1877 – Adolphe Thiers, French politician
1883 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian writer
1933 – Ioannis Foustanos, Greek physician
1948 – Eduard Benes, Czech politician
1962 – Edward Estlin Cummings, American poet
1964 – Dimitros Karabatis, Greek athlete
1965 – George Samuel, Greek soldier
1974 – Harry Parts, American composer
1983 – Elli Lampeti, Greek actress
1989 – Gaetano Sirea, Italian football player
1991 – Frank Capra, Italian director
1993 – Konstantinos Kalligas, Greek writer
1994 – Nikos Chatzikyriakos-Gikas, Greek artist
1997 – Michael Arnaoutis, Greek soldier
1999 – Dimitris Koutalianos, Greek wrestler
2001 – Pauline Kael, American film critic
2003 – Elias Petropoulos, Greek writer
2006 – George Theodosiadis, Greek director
2006 – Christina Spyraki, Greek politician and doctor
2008 – Ifigenia Chrysochou, Greek writer
2012 – Michael Clarke Duncan, American actor
2015 – Chandra Bahadur Dangi, world record holder for the shortest man
2016 – Thanos Anestopoulos, Greek singer
2017 – John Asbury, American poet