What happened like today in Greece and the world.
490 BC: The Persians invade Greece and the Athenians before the danger send Pheidippides to Sparta to ask for help.
31 BC: The naval battle of Actium takes place, between Octavian and the alliance of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. The former emerges victorious and a little later takes over as emperor of Rome.
1649: The forces of Pope Innocent I completely destroy the Italian city of Castro.
1666: The Great Fire of London breaks out, lasting three days and destroying 10,000 buildings, including St. Paul’s Cathedral.
1752: Great Britain adopts the Gregorian Calendar about two centuries after the rest of Western Europe.
1789: The US Treasury Department is established.
1792: During the French Revolution, rioting mobs massacre three Catholic bishops, more than 200 priests, and prisoners considered royalists.
1822: After an agreement with Keser Ahmet Pasha, the Souliotes leave their place from the port of Splantza, to settle as refugees in the Iptane Islands. From there, despite the prohibition of the English authorities, they would later escape to the various fronts of southern Greece, to fight under their own or other chieftains.
1843: Bankrupt Greece is forced to sign the “memorandum” drawn up by the three ambassadors of the Great Powers on the state’s finances. The following day, the September 3rd Revolution will break out.
1862: US President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly reinstates General George McClellan after General John Pope’s disastrous defeat at Manassas in the American Civil War.
1864: Union forces enter Atlanta, one day after Confederate defenders withdraw from the city.
1930: French aviators Coste and Belot successfully make the first airplane flight from Paris to New York, which lasted 37 hours and 18 minutes.
1933: In France, the first National Lottery tickets are released.
1935: A devastating storm “hits” Florida, killing 423 people.
1942: In Egypt, the British hold their defensive positions in the desert while their planes destroy Rommel’s units.
1944: The massacre of Hortiatis takes place. Nazi soldiers kill 147 residents in the town of Thessaloniki.
[1945: World War II ends with the definitive surrender of Japan. The official ceremony takes place on the battleship Missouri off Tokyo Bay.
[1945: Vietnam declares its independence.
1957: South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem becomes the first sitting foreign head of state to pay an official visit to Australia.
1958: The battle is being fought in Achyrona, in Liopetri, Famagusta, the deadliest since the beginning of EOKA’s action for the liberation of Cyprus. Four men of the organization (Fotis Pittas, Andreas Karios, Ilias Papakyriakou and Christos Samaras) fall heroically fighting, while several British soldiers are killed and wounded.
1960: The first elections in the history of Tibet are held for the Parliament of the Central Administration.
1962: In Iran, about 20,000 are dead in the worst earthquake to hit the country.
1966: Christos Papanikolaou wins the silver medal in the pole vault at the European Championships in Budapest with 5.05 meters, behind the East German Wolfgang Nordwing (5.10 meters), his great rival in all the matches between them.
1970: A bomb explodes outside the American embassy in Athens. Both perpetrators are dead.
1970: NASA announces the cancellation of two ‘Apollo’ missions to the Moon: ‘Apollo 15’ (the name was reused by a later mission) and ‘Apollo 15’.
1978: Graham Salmon breaks the blind man’s 100m world record at a meeting in Scotland.
1982: According to Professor Manolis Andronikou’s estimates, the theater in which Philip II was assassinated (336 BC) has been discovered in Aiges.
1992: In Nicaragua, 100 are dead from the tidal wave that caused a strong earthquake of 7.2 Richter.
1993: 41 fires are ongoing in Greece.
1994: The prefecture of Florina is declared in a state of emergency and the “Xenokratis” plan is partially implemented, after the devastating 5.9 Richter earthquake.
1995: In Bosnia, UN artillery fires on Serbs in Sarajevo.
1996: In the Philippines, the government and Muslim rebels sign a ceasefire agreement, ending a 24-year war that has claimed 125,000 lives.
1998: Air Canada pilots are going on strike for the first time in the company’s history.
1998: All 229 passengers, including 12 Greeks, are killed when a Swiss Air plane crashes in the Atlantic Ocean, near Peggy’s Cove.
1999: A friendly match is being played in Toumba between PAOK and Galatasaray, in support of those affected by the earthquake in Turkey.
2009: The terrorist organization “Revolutionary Struggle” attempted a bomb attack on the Stock Exchange (new building) on ave. Athens.
2020: US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announces new restrictions on senior Chinese diplomats visiting the US, requiring them to secure approval from US authorities to meet with local government officials or visit the country’s universities and colleges. Pompeo described the restrictions as “reciprocal,” after the Chinese government had imposed similar restrictions on American officials.
2021: At least 41 people are killed by flash flooding and tornadoes in New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia and New Jersey as the remnants of Ida pass over the northeastern US.
2021: President Jair Bolsonaro signs law allowing patent infringement of vaccines and drugs during public health emergencies in Brazil, such as the COVID-19 pandemic.
406 – Attila, king of the Huns
1548 – Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect
1753 – Marie Josephine of Savoy, Queen of France
1778 – Louis Bonaparte, King of the Netherlands
1839 – Henry George, American economist
1840 – Giovanni Verga, Italian writer
1877 – Frederick Soddy, English chemist
1878 – Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal
1894 – Joseph Roth, Austrian writer
1901 – Andreas Empirikos, Greek poet
1908 – Nikolai Kozyrev, Russian astronomer
1913 – Bill Shankly, Scottish footballer and manager
1923 – Valerian Borowczyk, Polish director
1926 – Ibrahim Nazir, Maldivian politician
1933 – Mathieu Kerekou, politician from Benin
1950 – Michael Roeder, German musician and composer
1959 – Petros Xanthopoulos, Greek football player
1961 – Carlos Valderrama, Colombian soccer player
1964 – Keanu Reeves, Canadian actor
1966 – Salma Hayek, Mexican actress
1980 – Daniel Endusei, Ghanaian footballer
1982 – Joey Burton, English footballer
1983 – Ilias Vrettos (born Ilias Karavasilis), Greek singer
1990 – Marcus Ericsson, Swedish racing driver
421 – Constantius III, Roman emperor
595 – John IV the Fasting, Patriarch of Constantinople
1353 – Frederick III, Margrave of Baden
1651 – Kiosem, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
1652 – José Ribera, Spanish painter
1813 – Jean Victor Moreau, French general
1877 – Konstantinos Kanaris, Greek admiral and politician
1906 – Athanasios Hatzipantazis, Greek general
1910 – Henri Rousseau, French painter
1917 – Boris Sturmer, Russian politician
1935 – Girolamo Vitelli, Italian philologist
1937 – Thomas Thomopoulos, Greek sculptor and painter
1937 – Pierre de Coubertin, French educator and historian, founder of the ILO
1969 – Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese politician
1973 – John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, British philologist and author
1984 – Manos Katrakis, Greek actor
1987 – Yannis Gavrielides, Greek politician
1996 – Alexandra Manzoulinou, Greek jurist, politician and writer
2001 – Christian Barnard, South African surgeon
2004 – Eleni Zafiriou, Greek actress
2006 – Bob Matias, American decathlete and politician
2014 – Antonis Vardis, Greek songwriter
2016 – Islam Karimov, Uzbek politician
2021 – Mikis Theodorakis, Greek composer