The European Parliament with its resolution that it adopted today, it calls on the Libyan women to proceed with its cancellation Turkey-Libya memorandum of understanding of 2019 on the delimitation of marine areas in the Mediterranean Sea, and not to implement any clause contained in the subsequent hydrocarbon agreementwhich was signed on October 3, 2022 and provides for illegal drilling activities in the EEZs of third countries, including those of Cyprus and Greece.
The European Parliament is also asking for the foundations to be laid to improve security in the country and the MEPs want it all mercenaries, foreign fighters and foreign forces to withdraw from Libyan soil. They urge all international actors involved, including Russia, the UAE and Turkey, not to interfere in Libya, not to ignite tensions and fighting through direct or subsidized military intervention and to withdraw every mercenary immediately who, like Russian group Wagneris still in the country and poses a threat to the stability of Libya and the entire region.
According to the resolution adopted by 454 votes in favor, 130 against and 54 abstentions, the European Parliament adopted a series of recommendations to the European Commission, EU member states in the Council and EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell on the political situation in war-torn Libya. Stressing the need for a stable political transition and national reconciliation between warring factions, MEPs call on the EU to support Libya in its quest for unity through an appropriate constitutional reform process. They also express their support for the UN-sponsored negotiations on a road map for holding free and fair elections.
Parliament calls on the EU to step up its diplomatic efforts to restore peace and security in the country. To achieve this, Member States need to act in a more united manner and speak with one voice on the issues of Libya. To this end, MEPs call on the EU to appoint, as a matter of priority, an EU Special Envoy for Libya.
Anna-Michel Asimakopoulou: The Turkish-Libyan Memorandum violates the sovereign rights of Greece and Cyprus
The diplomatic episode between the Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs and his counterpart, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Interim Government of Libya, as well as the illegal Turko-Libyan Memorandum highlighted, during her speech at the Plenary of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, the Spokesperson of the New Democracy Eurogroup, MEP, Ms. Anna-Michel Asimakopoulou.
Ms. Asimakopoulou, after noting that the Minister “tried, with her presence at the airport, to force her Greek counterpart to meet with her”, welcomed the current Report on the situation in Libya, which clearly states that the Turkish-Libyan Memorandum of 2019, on the delimitation of maritime areas in the Mediterranean, violates the sovereign rights of Greece and Cyprus, does not comply with the Law of the Sea and has no legal consequences for third states.
The Spokesperson of the ND Eurogroup underlined that the Report “rightly urges the Libyan authorities to cancel the Turkish-Libyan Memorandum and not to implement any clause of the agreement on hydrocarbons”, adding that “Greece is a pole of stability and security in the Mediterranean region and respects International Law”.
Concluding, Ms. Asimakopoulou characteristically said that “the Interim Government of Libya is not only not holding elections, but is usurping its presence,exploiting, as they see fit, the resources of the country and also signing with the Turks. As the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece, Nikos Dendias, eloquently said, “It’s not possible…”.
Kefalogiannis: A very important decision that is absolutely identical to the Greek national ones
The European Parliament today adopted the Report on Libya, which includes “two very important amendments for the annulment of the illegal Turkish-Libyan memorandum and the agreement on the extraction of hydrocarbons”, which had been tabled by the ND MEP, Manolis Kefalogiannis, as stated in his relevant announcement.
As he underlines, this is “a very important decision of the (European) Parliament, which is absolutely identical with the Greek national positions”.
Specifically, with the adoption and approval of these amendments, “it is now the official position of the European Parliament that the Turkish-Libyan memorandum delimiting the Exclusive Economic Zone between Turkey and Libya does not comply with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and therefore cannot have legal consequences for third countries’.
In addition, with the second amendment included in the Report, as stated in the announcement, “the Plenary of the European Parliament calls on the Libyan authorities to proceed with the annulment of the Turkish-Libyan memorandum of 2019 on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean and not to implement the subsequent agreement of 3 October for the extraction of hydrocarbons, as it provides for illegal drilling activities in the Exclusive Economic Zones of countries such as Greece and Cyprus”.
In detail, as stated in the announcement, the two amendments of Mr. Kefalogiannis, which were adopted in the Report on Libya and approved by the Plenary of the EP, are as follows:
“1. Considering that in November 2019, Libya signed with Turkey a memorandum of understanding on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean Sea. Considering that it violates the rights of third countries, does not comply with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries, as stated by the European Council, while on October 3, 2022, Libya and Turkey signed an agreement on hydrocarbons based on the 2019 agreement
2. They urge the Libyan authorities to proceed with the annulment of Turkey’s 2019 memorandum of understanding with Libya on the delimitation of maritime jurisdictions in the Mediterranean Sea and not to implement any clauses that include the subsequent hydrocarbons agreement signed on October 3, 2022, which provides illegal drilling activities in the exclusive economic zones of countries, including those of Cyprus and Greece”.
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