All the countries of the European Union have established measures and rules to protect workers against it occupational hazard. But not Greece.
The occupational hazard insurance scheme aims in the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseasesn, to restore Health and Ability to work and to grant financial benefits and autonomous pensions.
Occupational risk insurance is a very special subset of social insurance systems. Although in the more general social security the resources come from the contributions of both the employees and the employers the resources for the insurance coverage of the occupational risk in European countries they come exclusively from employers and the practice is an application of the statutory principle of employer responsibility for workplace health and safety issues.
In contrast to EU countries, Greece does not have a system to protect workers against occupational risk.
In our country, working conditions are characterized from zero or minimal care for the protection of health and safety at work, occupational diseases have zero registration, while the registration of occupational accidents is incomplete and contradictory.
It seeks to fill these gaps the National Strategy for Health and Safety at Work in the period 2022-2027 which will be financed by the Recovery Fund.
For example, some of the measures included in the National Strategy for Health and Safety at Work in the period 2022-2027 are:
- The promotion of the creation of a special “Occupational Risk Insurance Agency (occupational morbidity)” after consultation with the social partners.
- The operation of the new integrated information system “Eridanos” for health and safety at work, with funding from the Recovery Fund.
- The formation of an integrated mechanism for announcing and recording occupational accidents and occupational diseases. – The modernization of the process of carrying out the controls, with the use of new technologies, such as e.g. with the use of tablets by the inspectors and the registration of the inspection indications in the account of each employer in the integrated information system of the Labor Inspectorate.
- The adoption of a “register of audit steps”, i.e. a standardized electronic procedure for carrying out the audit using a list of control points (check list) and registering the data in the integrated information system of the Labor Inspectorate.